Book Appointment

What is bruxism?

He bruxism It is the involuntary action of contracting the muscles that we use in chewing outside of it, and that closes the mouth (that is why it is associated with "teeth grinding", causing gum problems and wear of the tooth surface. Bruxism affects between 10 and 20% of the population and can have consequences. It can happen during the day and at night, although the most common is during sleep and it is the most difficult to control, since it happens completely unconsciously.

Bruxism is not dangerous, although it can vary depending on the level of severity. This is because it can cause permanent dental injuries, as well as other pain such as jaw, ear or head pain and TMJ disorders.

At other times, It may be related to poor sleep quality, depression, or anxiety disorders., since the cause of bruxism, most of the time is the emotional component of the individual.

symptoms of bruxism

The fact of clenching the teeth puts pressure on the oral structure: muscles, tissues and jaw. This pressure translates into:

  • Sensation of load and muscular tension.
  • Ear pain, since some structures of the temporomandibular joint are close to the external auditory canal. The pain may not occur in the ear but be referred, coming from another nearby area.
  • Headache.
  • Muscle tenderness, especially in the morning.
  • Dental sensitivity when eating cold, hot or sweet foods.
  • Insomnia.
  • Pain or inflammation of the jaw joint.
Book Appointment

types of bruxism


Those who suffer from this bruxism are usually not aware of it.


It is usually associated with periods of stress and is also performed unconsciously.

centric bruxism

It affects the premolars since it is associated with clenching the teeth.

eccentric bruxism

The wear occurs in all the teeth, since there is a tendency to friction between them.

Our last CASES | Ibarreta Dental

Frequently Asked Questions Bruxism

What causes bruxism?

Although the cause specific to bruxism is not clear, experts usually link it to stress, anxiety and sleep problems, which are factors that at least exacerbate the problem.

What to do when you have bruxism?

Don't drink coffee or caffeinated tea after dinner, and avoid drinking alcohol in the evening, as these can worsen your heartburn. bruxism. Maintain good sleep habits. Getting a good night's sleep, which may include treating sleep problems, can help reduce bruxism. Talk to your partner.

How to know if you suffer from bruxism?

Symptoms of dental bruxism
  1. Anxiety, stress and tension.
  2. Depression.
  3. Sleep disturbances such as insomnia.
  4. Muscle tenderness, especially in the morning.
  5. Facial, head and neck pain.
  6. Dental sensitivity to cold, heat and sweets.
  7. Jaw pain or swelling.
  8. Eating disorders.

Where does it hurt when having bruxism?

If you wake up with facial muscle pain or a headache, you may be presenting bruxism (clench and grind teeth). He bruxism It causes teeth to ache or loosen and literally grind or crumble.

Ibarreta Dental -The Team-

Jesus Llona Badiola

Implantólogo y Director Médico

Patricia Pedreira


Itziar Bacigalupe

Auxiliar Odontológico

Guzman Sainz de la Maza Pereda


Joseba Rodriguez

Director Clínico

Nerea Apellaniz

Auxiliar Odontológico

Ana Esther Sainz de la Maza

implant prosthetics

eva onaindia

Higienista Dental

Begoña Lasa


Agustín Pastor


Estibaliz Apellaniz

Auxiliar Odontológico

All Treatments | Ibarreta Dental

Hey. conservative

Conservative dentistry is the science that is responsible for the study and knowledge of the oral environment and its microbiological and immunological implications in disease prevention. Maintenance of proper oral health.

See Treatment

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing stops and starts repeatedly. If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you may have sleep apnea.

See Treatment

Oral Surgery

Oral surgery refers to any surgical procedure in or around the mouth and jaw, generally done by a dental specialist trained to perform certain types of oral surgery. Dr. Jesús Llona will take care of your case.

See Treatment


Bruxism, also known as the silent disease, is a pathology suffered by about 70% of the population in Spain and consists of unconsciously clenching the jaw and grinding the teeth, causing wear and tear on them.

See Treatment

Our patients They think by Ibarreta Dental

4.7 out of 5 stars
write a review

Our team -BLOG- Speaks